“Learn with us ATW” - Syllabus











To be : am/’m  is/’s.  indefinite article: A/an + jobs.

Greetings & salutations,  introductions, I.D.

Name, introductions, jobs.

How are you?  What do you do?

Nice to meet you.



Personal pronouns

3rd person: he, she, it

question form of “to be”

, definite article:  the,   very + adjective, numbers 1-10.

Asking how to spell a word, asking for personal information, saying: nationality, address, telephone number, introductions, speaking about a 3rd person, attracting attention, showing or giving something, confirming, offering/accepting, thanking.

Spelling, personal info: nationality, marital status, address, telephone number.

Here you are.  How do you spell that?   Excuse me.  You two.  It’s on me/you. This is/That is, Right!  Right you are!



Possessive adj.: my, your, his, her, negative form of “to be”, Imperative (Look! Listen!)

Short answers, plural of nouns, numbers 20-60.

Asking age, saying age, using the negative, indicating a person/thing  that  is near/far, making comments about another person, apologizing, congratulating.

Personal info:  origin, age, location (N;S;E;W), telephone conversation.

How old are you?  Nice to see you.  Where are you from?



Present of “to have” (only I, you, he, she), Question and negative form of “to have” (only do/don’t), the saxon genitive: ‘s, numbers 1-99, ordinal numbers 1st-4th.

Offering (have a …) inviting to look

(Have a look!)

Possession, family relationships, shopping, prices.

Come on! Come in! Come here! Open it!  Have a …. , Have a look! Here it is.  How much is…?  No problem! This is it!.  Do you have a moment ? Wait a moment You’re welcome.  I see. Do you have …?




















We, they, present of “to be” (all forms) + short answers, simple present (except 3rd person singular, simple present interrogative + negative forms, short answers (except 3rd person singular.

Asking a person how he/she is. Saying how you are, asking/telling the time, asking/saying where someone is, visiting & receiving visitors, saying where you live, inviting someone to your house, offering/refusing/accepting, talking about appointments, booking a hotel room.

Hotel, room location, telephone, house (rooms), the time, appointments, prices, jobs.

Come over.  How are you?  Out of order.  See you soon!  What time is it?  Have a seat! 



Present simple, 3rd person singular (only affirmative) To (place preposition).

Expressing appreciation, asking about likes/dislikes, responding to inquiries about likes/dislikes, asking/talking about language knowledge, talking about necessity, suggesting an appointment, telling the time, getting a visa/passport, saying that a person is in/out.

Languages, days of the week, appointments/ punctuality.

Hurry up! On time, That’s right.  What about …?  What’s the matter?



There is/are, some/any, uncountable nouns (furniture, money, information, business, personal pronouns (subject & object-all persons), present simple interrogative & negative in 3rd person singular (does/doesn’t), short answers (present simple), numbers:  100’s, 1,000’s.

Expressing preference, buying furniture, asking for information, dealing with high figures:  100’s, 1,000’s), asking/saying what one knows, asking about a 3rd person, talking about hobbies/music, making suggestions, showing slides or photos.

Shopping, furniture, hobbies, music.

That’s it! Oh, dear!  What’s new?



Something/anything, can why/because, would like, negative imperative (don’t…!).

Ordering/offering at the restaurant, asking for the menu, drinking a toast, asking if a person can do something, saying what you can/can’t do, asking for help, suggesting to do something together, making kind requests, showing eagerness to do something, talking of frequency, talking of one’s interests, replaying to an apology, making comments with emphasis (it’s so beautiful).

Restaurant (eating & drinking out), phone messages, interests,


I’m in a hurry. Of course. I bet… Let’s go.   Listen to me.  I can’t wait.  It doesn’t matter.














Present continuous (for present & future), To be going to + infinitive, indirect questions (I don’t know where he is, I don’t know how/why…) Give (give me that) Go/come to a place/home, talk to a person, Ask/phone/call + direct object.

Asking for/offering help, demanding to be helped, talking about future plans, expressing irritation, asking for someone’s name formally, booking a flight, checking in, asking for seat assignment, talking about purpose of a journey/trip, asking for clarification at the restaurant, making recommendation to someone who is leaving (don’t forget to call/email/bring your passport), wishing a good trip, asking someone to hold the line.

Traveling, travel agency/airport, restaurant.

Call me.  Don’t forget  to/your…Get ready!  I’ve had it!  Just a moment.  Let’s see.  What luck! Get on/out. Good heavens!  On hold.  Please hold. The computer is down. Good luck.  Oh my God!



Must, negative questions, possessive pronouns (mine and yours), Have got, simple future, tag questions, 1st conditional.

Offering to do something, asking who something belongs to, talking about possession, asking for clarification (what do you mean?) apologizing (I’m afraid), wishing a nice trip/day, warning of danger, making kind requests (will you…?/can you…?)talking about conditions in the future, predicting (perhaps), asking for confirmation, talking about necessity using must.

British English/American English, Food and meals, directions.

Have you got…?  See you later.  Look out!  Watch out!  Same here.  You guys.  By the way.  Get it?  Let me…



What a …!  These/those, position of frequency adverbs & time expressions.  What is ….like? Tell/say, 1st conditional (cont’d), shall I/We?  Possessive adj. Our/their.

Changing money, talking about methods of payment, giving orders, commenting emphatically (what a nice…!) asking for a description, talking about the weather, reported speech, calming someone, making a promise, talking about frequency, giving directions, offering to do something, making suggestion, accepting suggestion.

Bank, post office, restaurant, the weather, children,


Say ‘cheese’  who knows?!  Keep a secret.  Take it easy.  There, there. Come on.



Little/a little;  few/a few, compounds of some, any, no, every, ordinal numbers (all) telling the time(past/to) let+  job+ infinitive (cont’d) shall…?/we…? Will you…?

Start a conversation (What a beautiful day!), encourage somebody to speak (tell me…) suggest to change the topic of conversation, suggest a topic of conversation, talk about sports, ask for/say the date, meet an old friend, calm someone who is angry, bring news (good and bad), ask for advise.

The time, sports, means of transportation, articles of clothing.

Are you sure? I’m not sure…What’s going on? In love. All the time.  Oh, boys!  On fire. Oh my!  Slow down. I can’t believe it!  In a minute/moment.  Just a little.  Of course not!  Finally! A quarter past.  Half past.









Past of “to be”:  was/were(also there was/were),  ever/never, the –ing form (keep watching, stop smoking), to want + obj. + infin., tag questions (cont’d), phrasal verbs, verbs with two objects (give, bring, teach, get, buy, show, tell, send), construction with “so” (So do I!/So were you!).

Waking someone up, socializing when meeting someone, excepting satisfaction with certain exceptions, narrating/recalling past experience, recalling a night of love, asking for clarification, replying to a formal  introduction, giving orders to others, welcoming warmly, talking about seasons, festivities/holidays, asking for someone’s opinion, showing enthusiasm, warning of danger, leaving a tip, saying that you are not feeling well.

Love, divorce, months, seasons, holidays, the past, health (not feeling well).

Day after day.  From…to… Good at it.   Just a minute.  How are things?  How’s it going?  How do you do? Make a mistake.  No way!!  Right away. Right now. Don’t worry.  How do you do?  Me too!  Too much.  Bad trip.  I don’t get it. So do I! Keep the change.  Over there. Turn on/off, put on, take off.



Should, simple past (also questions & negatives), regular and irregular verbs, “who”, “what”, and “which” subject of a sentence (What happened?).

Asking for/giving  directions, Asking for/giving a description, narrating past events, asking for/giving advice, asking why people are laughing, showing surprise, talking about being on a diet. Speaking in public, comparing prices, hushing up someone.

Directions, driving, at the police station, describing a person, diet, work.

[It’s] just past [the…], all of a sudden, What is it (as ‘what’s wrong’), I have no idea.  What in the world happened?  Thank God! God bless you!  Please do.  Good for you!  Not at all. Just kidding!  For one thing…In fact…On top of. The day before yesterday  Shut up.



May/might, comparatives (more/less/ +er), irregular comparatives: better/worse, many uses of “get”, get married/be married/marry, Have/have got to (for obligation), mustn’t /don’t have to, the past participle(made in chine/it’s broken),  If/when +present/future.

Complaining, expressing worry, being sentimental, courting someone,  rejecting an advance (Go to hell!), talking about possibility, showing impatience, asking for permission, thanking, announcing one’s self, announcing a person, taking part in a job interview, expressing surprise, objecting.

Going on a tour, a job interview, a business lunch, the news, presenting a product, a TV ad.

After all.  At least.  As usual.  Calm down.  Go to hell. How long…? Now and then.  What if… You’re driving me wild!  Be my guest.  Just right.  No kidding!  Some day.  Take your time.  All the way.  Boy oh boy!  Just before.. On strike. 



Present perfect, simple past/present perfect, think of +ing,  so/such a, the superlative (the most, the best).

Talking about duration, saying when & where you were born, reporting someone missing, making guesses, selling a car, comparing, reciprocating a wish, wishing a happy birthday, writing a message of good wishes, giving/receiving a gifts, thanking  for a gift, showing  jealousy.

Birthday party/wishes, presents, to be born (when & where)  love affair,a day at the office, selling a car.

For example….  Once or twice.  You’re driving me crazy!  You can say that again! I’m afraid so.  Just looking.  The same to you. X days from now.  Get lost!














Present perfect with yet, already, For, since. The modal verb may, Can, could, be able to. What about with gerund, Present simple v. present continuous. Used to (“in the past”) v. Get used to (become accustomed to).


Asking for permission, soothing an offended person,  saying how often, talking about ability, describing a city, encouraging the visit, asking for information about a place to visit, writing a thank-you note, talking about past habits, closing a conversation, apologizing, accepting apologies.            

Tourism and travel

Household routines

Telling time, cont’d. 

A little bit. A little while. As soon as possible. I insist! Keep up the good work! Make yourself at home. (To) change one’s mind.

(To) fall in love.  (To)  get used to it. Worse than usual





More uses of “get” (get on/off bus etc, through, out of, get to sleep). Future (revision). Nouns functioning as adjectives (peach pie, health club, etc.) Imperative (revision). Phrasal verbs (fill in / out, turn on /off, turn down / put on / take off.



Understanding the news, commenting on the news, apologizing, traveling by plane – at check-in, traveling by plane – at Security, traveling by plane – on the plane, rejecting an intruder, making a person talk about, him/herself, talking about oneself, declaring that one loves another person, entering a health club, following the instructions of a trainer at a gym, inciting a competitor at a race, congratulating the winner.

Health and fitness, body. Travel: airline flights, cont’d.

International travel; security, Food.

Personal details; filling out forms.


Do you mind!? Leave me alone.

What a shame! You’re joking!

Another time, perhaps. You mean it!? Look out for that…!

Out of here. Why on Earth…

Not in a million years! Now you’re talking!




The conditional (would + ought to and revision of could, might, should). Either…or Neither.  Both Present perfect (revision) + for / since.



Talking about politics, talking about education,

 eliciting an opinion, showing that you are bored, commenting on a soccer game, showing offence, showing expectation, losing one’s temper, going to the doctor’s, talking about cars, making plans for the future, making condolences, imagining a future event, talking about family problems.    

Dealing with cars

Aches and pains

Sports, continued

Making complaints.

Talking about an issue. Common animals

After you…   As a matter of fact…    At the moment. First of all. For instance.

I am looking forward to it!

No matter what. Right on time. Sleepy-head. Thank goodness. What a pity!




Reflexive pronouns (all), reciprocal pronouns (each other), Superlative (cont’d) + the worst, “Would” for kind requests, Past participles (cont’d) : fried / baked / grilled / cooked / boiled / well-done, Expressions of quantity : a great deal of / plenty of / a lot of/ a little / a little bit of / a couple of.



Showing surprise, showing worry, expressing an opinion, taking leave,  making kind requests,  expressing annoyance,  saying firing an employee, enquiring about, fixing an appointment, offering help in a shop, declining  somebody’s help, expressing quantity,  having suspicions.          


African wildlife (documentary). Crime. Employment  issues. Food – styles of cooking. Shopping in a shopping mall. Quantities


A couple of. How embarrassing! It’s a pleasure (to meet you). Sure I am! Sure I do! That’s for sure! Who/what/where/ the hell…










Comparatives and superlatives (cont’d + revision) “Ours is the nicest boat I have ever seen”. “Much” + comparatives. “To make” and “to let” +  object +  infinitive. Emphatic usage of “what (a)” and “such (a)”.  “So (that)” for purpose. Impersonal usage of “take” (How long does it take?). Reflexive pronouns (cont’d + revision). “When are you going to find yourself a good wife?” Obligation (revision: need – must – have (got) to – should – ought to “must “ and “should” for deductions.

Arguing, calming two quarrellers, making deductions, making speculations, accepting an invitation, commenting on a wedding announcement, making comments at a wedding, proposing a toast, helping a customer choose clothes, disagreeing, showing gratitude, replying to a person that has thanked you.

 Local customs

Weddings in U.S.

Budgeting money.

Damn it! I’d be delighted to…  Madly in love. Make a toast.



Ability: Could never/ never be able to. Made of / with/ from / in. To be about to. Unless. Adverb formation (+-ly).



Asking / talking about ability, making deductions, talking about a relationship, talking about prices and discounts, refusing to buy, enquiring about a journey, talking about language problems, replying to a nosy parker, asking for help, making someone feel at home, switching from small talk to business talking about work and career, having a suspicion,  conjecturing, deciding on a course of action.

Languages. Shopping, finding bargains, figuring discounts, percentages.  Restaurants:  asking for details about food preparation.

Cool! That’s none of your business! Feel free to. I have a feeling [that]… Just looking,.. [thanks!] [to] Make love.







The passive (simple present, simple past). Past Continuous. Comparisons with as…as. “As” vs. “like”. To sound / look / seem (e.g. You sound worried). Phrasal verbs (get over / get through / go off / lie down / look after / pick up plug in / stop by). Conditional sentences : First conditional (if + present / future) and if + present / present.

Advising, sympathising, talking about likes / dislikes, talking of moods, convincing a reluctant person into action, expressing gratitude, taking leave, reproaching, having mixed feelings, dumping a lover, expressing wishes, making a bet.

Travelling. (visiting Egypt). Cinema. Women and career

As usual. To ‘make a bet’.

Once in a while. Peace and quiet. To ‘give [someone] a hand’. To ‘keep an eye on’. To ‘make up your mind’. To ‘shake hands.’ On one hand…but on the other hand… To ‘make a bet’. Once in a while. Peace and quiet.



Passive (infinitive : “should be seen”; present perfect : “have been made”). Second conditional. Verbs that are not used in the progressive form. Verbs that are used in the progressive form only in certain cases (be, have, see, think). Sound like / look like / feel like.


Making threats, hypothesizing, fantasizing, talking about dreams for the future, encouraging, praising a meal, stalling, having a prick of conscience, inviting, refusing an invitation,  accepting an invitation, welcoming  guests.





Hotels and restaurants. Dreams and wishes. Famous sights in Europe (documentary: Eiffel Tower, Leaning tower of Pisa, London Eye). Going to parties. Doctors and patients.

Back and forth. Back then. Gee, thanks! ‘Go for it!’ Out of town.

These days.












Relative pronouns “who”, “that” and “what” “that” relative vs. “that” conjunction. Comparative and superlative with “less” and  “the least”. “Like” (cont’d). “While”. Second conditional (cont’d) (If I / he were…If we could…). Let / make +  obj. + infinitive (cont’d).

Talking about the weather, talking about equal rights, talking about prices, congratulating someone, thanking, encouraging, advising, accepting the advice, changing subject, making recommendations, baby-sitting, asking a driver to slow down, facing problems, speculating.

The weather. Salaries. Men and women (equal rights). Prices. Getting a promotion. In-laws. Olympic Games (documentary). Children (baby-sitting). Driving.

All to myself. By now

How on Earth… In that case

Let’s face it…  Pleased to meet you.  [That’s] no good. Short cut.    

Time’s  up.  Well  done!   What’s up?  Damn it!  I’d be delighted to…   Madly  in love.  Make a toast.



Past Perfect. Sound / seem as if / like. “Will” in relation to habits. If so / If not. If + present / imperative.

Looking for a person who is missing, making polite requests, lifting someone’s morale, expressing gratitude, talking about different kinds of love, talking about what one has to do, talking about what one has done, giving / following instructions, talking about sales, talking about consumer behavior, talking about natural disasters, reassuring someone:, interviewing someone, asking to sit next to someone, flattering someone.

Consumer trends. Fashion Following instructions. Natural disasters (documentary).

By accident. Don’t bother

How do you take your…  [coffe.]  If not…, If so… In style. Stay cool. Short notice. To be honest…

Whether or not.  Yes, indeed.






Had better. To be supposed to. Either / neither / both (review). Relative pronoun. “whom”. Third conditional Impersonal pronoun “one”. Prefix –un.  Double Saxon Genitive.



Asking for an explanation. Using words with. asking for an explanation, asking for a favor, giving advice, making speculations, hypothesizing, expressing regret, understanding the weather forecast, showing impatience, deciding what to pack, getting ready for a journey.

Preparing for a trip

Current events, weather, touring a country.

Behind schedule. Brand new

Can you do me a favor? (to) Freak out. How come… In the distance. It’s a good thing…. It’s for the best. Just then… Now that you mention it. [to] Stop at nothing. Way of life

To ‘make a bet’. Once in a while. Peace and quiet.



Impersonal pronoun “one” (cont’d) + “one’s” and “oneself”. Saxon Genitive (cont’d) (omission of “house, shop”, etc.). Passive with “get”. Review of conditionals. Infinitive of purpose. Gerund.  Nouns ending in –ing. Nouns ending in –er.  Needn’t. Mustn’t vs, needn’t / don’t have to. Revision of tag questions. Duration: “long”. Use of “time”.

Apologizing, talking about one’s hotel, introducing a person, threatening, asking about likes / dislikes, showing enthusiasm, approaching a famous star, asking for confirmation, writing about a city you are visiting, enquiring about your business.  wishing good night, writing a message of warning.



Hotels. Smoking. Italian wines. Wine-making (documentary). Gossip magazines. Police investigations. International travel and customs; crime enforcement.

An awful lot [of]. Are you kidding me? Finders, keepers. For God’s sake! A good night’s sleep. I beg your pardon. Like a dream come true. More and more. Run along! Thanks to… That’s life.  That’s the way it goes. Wish me luck!  Back and forth. Back then. Gee, thanks! ‘Go for it!’ Out of town. These days.













Relative clauses (cont’d and revision)  review  + omission of relative object  + whose. It’s the first time  + present perfect / it was the first time + past perfect. Past intentions with “was / were going to”. Past habits : used to (revision).To be used to (+ noun or –ing form) and get used to. Would rather + infinitive.

Talking about position, looking for an explanation, talking about likes / dislikes (books), making  suggestions, commenting on the weather, talking about dating,

describing a person, saying that you are for or against something, showing concern, going to a job interview, questioning a criminal, threatening a criminal, talking about what you would rather do, disapproving.

 Types of books,

Social situations; dating, pollution,

Crime and punishment.

For a change. Hold it!

In the way. On the rocks [on ice] Speak for yourself.

Think positive. To make a long story short… Get to the point/That’s a good point/You’ve made your point/ That’s beside the point. Damn it! I’d be delighted to…  Madly  in love.  Make  a toast.



Past participles of “to go” : “been” and “gone”. Past perfect continuous. Future continuous. Usage of definite article (review  + more details). Future Passive. Suffix –able.

Talking about religions, talking about future situations, asking questions at a lecture, asking for someone’s opinion, debating on an important issue, introducing oneself, asking about someone’s interests, taking leave, buying the tickets for a concert, opening a savings account, complaining to a colleague, expressing worry, reassuring, praising / encouraging.

Religion. Science and


Forget it! I can’t take it!

Like  a home away from home  [UK: “like a home from home”] [to] See how it goes. [to] Sleep on it. That does it!   We’re all in the same boat. What’s on your mind?



Permission (may /can, might, be allowed, let). Asking for permission / Giving permission. Probability (may / might / be likely). Ability (revision of can / could / be able to). Past ability : could vs. was able to / managed to.

Revision of comparatives.  Double comparatives (more and more / …-er  and … -er).

Asking for permission, giving permission,

expressing possibility / probability, making formal suggestions, going to a fashion show: renting a car, replying to a back-seat driver, replying to someone who has thanked you, going to a casino, having the annual physical, persuading, expressing worry, talking about past abilities, offering.



Driving and cars

Medical check-up; human anatomy.



A bit much. A head for business. Believe it or not… Better late than never. In charge of . In the meantime. So what. That’s it (as encouragement, and as ‘it’s finished’).  To ‘make a bet’. Once in a while.  Peace and quiet.



“Would” for past habits. Future perfect. Modal verbs with perfect infinitive. Conditional sentences (review). Third conditional sentences with modal verbs.


Replying to a nosy-parker, remembering past habits, making speculations about the past, making deductions about the past, expressing displeasure, expressing disapproval, reproaching, reproaching oneself, complaining,  offering (formal), talking about politics, expressing incredulity.


Technology – robots. Political parties. Political Systems. London (documentary).Art exhibitions. Hotel service.


Easy does it!

For one thing

How dare he/she!

Don’t you dare!

I dare you (to)!

In spite of

[to] lead the way


So what!












Will + would for willingness and intention. Revision of progressive forms. Future perfect continuous. Modal verbs with progressive forms : must be doing, must have been doing, etc. Passive with progressive forms (only present and past). Expect / want + object + infinitive (revision).

Making deductions, making guesses, asking for advice, warning, talking about politics, Insisting, talking about a student protest: Showing concern, talking about hours of work, talking about a lawyer’s job, avoiding a sensitive subject, exchanging small talk, commenting on a birth, talking about women’s issues.

Birth of a baby. Parenthood and childhood. Crime / legal system. Political systems. Globalization. Workplace. Working mothers Women’s issues. Ireland (documentary).

Easy does it! For one thing. How dare he/she! Don’t you dare!

I dare you (to)! In spite of.

[To] lead the way. Nonsense! So what! You said it!



Revision of passive forms.

Passive verbs with two objects.

Passive with verbs of thinking, saying (It is said that he is…/ He is said to be…). Passive gerund and passive infinitive. Passive with modal verbs.

Modal verbs with passive forms : must be seen, might have been sent, etc. Hyphenated compound adjectives. If/when/once/as soon as + present / future.

Making recommendations, Expressing  irony, haggling, showing annoyance, reassuring, accepting with resignation, Finding consolation, encouraging, inviting, talking about what people like / dislike, talking about a very special person, Showing  envy.

Science. Medical research. ESP (extra-sensory perception). Horoscope. Superstition. Media magazine and newspapers. Cultural changes (documentary).

A sense of humor. As good as gold. Full of [him/herself].

Get the impression. Go from bad to worse.  Hang in there!

I’m onto you! In common

It can’t be helped. Long time no see. Might as well. Not/much of a… Other than Rather than

Too good to be true. Was my face red! Wishful thinking.





Verbs of perception. Make / let someone do (review). Get + someone + to + infinitive. Get / have something done Need + -ing.

Talking about doping, hushing someone who interferes, asking not to take sides, getting something done, blaming, enquiring about a trip, commenting on weight, asking a passenger to change seats, having a turbulent flight, expressing disappointment, Expressing bitterness, getting your car repaired, driving, discussing on the price of a service.

Cars and car repairs. Driving Services. Sports (soccer). Doping. Traveling by plane. Weather Water-related natural events.

As for. [To] blow it. From side to side.  In shock. Keep your nose out of it. No laughing matter. Past history. [A] Rough guess. [To] Serve [someone] right.

[To] take sides. To date.  [A] tough customer.



Reported speech. Indirect statements, questions, commands. Reporting verbs : tell and say. Reporting verbs : ask, explain, warn, remind, advise, promise, etc.

Future in the past. Roman numbers after names of kings, queens, etc. Silent “h”.

Talking about arrangements for the future, reporting other people’s words, showing indifference, dealing with ethical problems, asking people to speak up, reproaching someone for saying too much, reporting what someone has said, showing frustration, encouraging a person who feels frustrated, talking about a big tycoon, exchanging pleasantries, getting angry, reporting predictions, being furious.


Biotechnology. Family names (Jr,  Sr, III).  Paranormal phenomena   (UFOs – Bermuda Triangle) . Sports (also winter sports + extreme sports): documentary


A safe bet. All along. As the saying goes. A sure thing

The bottom line. Don’t look now… [To] get dark. Good taste

In general. Last but not least.

[To] Make an effort. You/me and your /my big mouth! Nice try. Not necessarily. Pay attention

Says who? [A] Sixth sense

That’s that!










Wishes - if only...  Wish + past form. Wish + would. Wish  + past perfect. Would rather + inf  / (than). Would rather + subj + past. Needn’t have / didn’t need to. “Dare” as modal.

Expressing regret about a present situation, expressing wish, expressing regret about the past, realizing to be in a predicament, taking leave of an unwelcome person, showing skepticism, describing an old man, giving advice, interviewing a researcher, talking about past needs, discussing the price, suggesting, showing worry, receiving wonderful news, expressing wish.

Environmental issues. Rain forests (documentary). Home decorating. Medical discoveries. US regions.

All yours. Cool it. Even so. Even though. Ever so.  [To] Have an effect on. In the first place. [To] Keep one’s distance. [To] Make a fuss. Not a moment too soon. On my own. Once and for all. [To] Take for granted.



Word order Inversion after “if, never, no sooner ... than, only, not only, hardly … when”. Conditional sentences without “if” : “should”, “suppose/supposing”, “provided”, “as long as”. It’s time  + past.        Purpose clauses (to, in order to, so that.

Showing impatience, Expressing surprise / incredulity, bringing comfort, giving news, showing contempt, Showing  worry, showing boredom, talking about changes in character, talking about purpose, congratulating, encouraging, proposing marriage.

people’s characters. Insurance. Socialized medicine. Social issues (alcoholism, drug abuse, unemployment, homelessness, teenage pregnancy) (documentary).

A mind of her/his own.

All in all. [To] Come as a surprise. Fresh air. From time to time. God forbid! Heads up! If so. In action In agreement. In the end. In honor of. In the long run. Later on.  Not only. Of all people! On purpose. Right-hand man. Seize the moment! The end of the world. There’s nothing but… Under arrest. Up and running.



Use of although, even though, though, in spite of, despite, while, whereas, however (to express contrast). Use of because of, as, since, so, as a result, therefore, so / such…that (to express cause and consequence). Defining/non-defining relative clauses.

Expressing contrast, imagining past disasters, facing problems with modern technology, looking forward to things, welcoming the heroes, announcing the winners, making an unexpected proposal, deciding to apply for a new job, talking about a movie, talking about cause and consequence, going to an interview, raising the question of salary.

Ethnic groups / food. Generation gap. Job interviews. Awards / celebrations. San Francisco (documentary).

As plain as the nose on [one’s] face. [To] have a word with. [I] wouldn’t be caught  dead [in/at]… [To] make ends meet. Never a dull moment. [To] play [something]  by ear. The early bird catches the worm. When it rains, it pours.



Phrasal verbs  vs  prepositional verbs

Revision of prepositions (place and time). Revision of past and future tenses. Revision of active and passive tenses. Revision of simple and progressive tenses. Revision of conditional sentences.

Preparing for a wedding, meeting a person after a long time, planning a charity event, talking about problems of justice, remembering past adventures, talking about surviving a long time apart, reassuring, talking about diet problems, being nostalgic, talking about projects for the future, commenting on a happy ending.



Crime and punishment. Charity. Plans for the future. New York (documentary).

[To] Beat around the bush. [A] bit steep (i.e., a price). For that matter. For what it’s worth. [To] Give [someone]a break [To] Go to pieces. Good things come to those who wait. If the shoe fits, wear it.   On pins and needles. So I gathered. [To] Tear one’s hair out. There’s always a catch.

[To] Weigh the pros and cons.

[I] Wouldn’t miss it for the world. You can’t have your cake and eat it, too.




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